Nous nous souvenons des poissons que nous mangions en Égypte, et qui ne nous coûtaient rien, des concombres, des melons, des poireaux, des oignons et des aulx. Nombres 11:5 (Louis Segond)
GARLIC, is produced by the offshoots which are formed out of the ground around a stem, & is an onion species: one calls these offshoots cloves of garlic. To multiply it one plants these cloves in ground in April or March [or the preceding Fall], four inches deep, & three or four inches from each other: one leaves them in the ground until towards the end of July, & one puts them to dry to keep them then from one year to another, in a place which is not wet. Most of the major garlic diseases are soilborne, so proper site assessment and yearly rotations are crucial in maintaining a healthy garden of garlic. Garlic has a very strong odor.
Garlic scapes are the flower stalk of the garlic pulled to allow the head to become bigger below the ground. Scapes make a wonderful pickle, can be pounded into a «pesto», or just cut and added to stirfries.
La Nouvelle Maison Rustique, Troisieme Partie, Le Jardinage, Livre Second, Chap. II, pp. 87.